Reintegration of Insurgents
in Afghanistan


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Afghan War News > General Info > Governance > Reintegration


About Reintegration in Afghanistan

Reintegration is a process that the Afghan government is using to encourage insurgents to stop fighting and to rejoin Afghan society.  The Afghan High Peace Council is a group of senior Afghan citizens of varying backgrounds that serve as a "board of directors" for the reconciliation and reintegration process. The Joint Secretariat is the working executive organization of the High Peace Council that trys to implement reintegration.  The reintegration process is funded by donor nations such as Japan, Australia, United Kingdom, Canada, Holland, and the United States.  The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) has a small organization called the Force Reintegration Cell (F-RIC) that assists the Joint Secretariat in implementation of reintegration.

Reintegration event in Afghanistan
Taliban Taking Part in Reintegration Event


Organizations Aiding and Components of the
Reintegration Process in Afghanistan

ISAF Force Reintegration Cell (F-RIC).  A small group of military and civlian officials working for the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) charged with helping the Joint Secretariat in reintegration efforts.  The mission of the Force Reintegration Cell is to optimize ISAF support for the GIRoA-led Afghan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) in order to accelerate the move to conflict resolution. Visit the Force Reintegration Cell website hosted by Harmonie Web.

Afghan High Peace Council.  The Afghan High Peace Council is composed of a number of influential members of Afghan society to include politicians, statesmen, military, academic and other walks of life.

Afghan Joint Secretariat (JS).  The Joint Secretariat has a number of lines of effort.  The sections of the Joint Secretariat are divided by functional area to include Administration and Finance, Communications and Outreach, Development and Community Recovery, Operations, and Policy.

Provincial Joint Secretariat Teams (PJSTs). The Provincial Joint Secretariat Teams are formed at provincial level and are the action arm for the provincial governor to implement and conduct reintegration efforts and activities.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).  The UNDP's support to APRP provides programmatic and operational assistance to the Joint Secretariat of APRP, and helps to manage the Peace & Reintegration Trust Fund, with the goal of supporting the government's peace and reintegration efforst in Afghanistan.

Afghan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP).  APRP is a program designed to bring insurgents back into the Afghan political process and society.  The APRP not only attempts to reach out to individual insurgents but also seeks to assist the communities that will accept them back into the fold using development projects as an incentive.  The APRP has three stages of reintegration - Social Outreach, Demobilization, and Consolidation of Peace.

Social Outreach consists of strategic communications, negotiations and addressing grievances, and sub-national and community outreach.

Demobilization consists of biometrics registration, vetting at the district, provincial and national levels, assessment and transition assistance, weapons management, and community security.

Consolidation of Peace consists of community recovery, literacy, religious and vocational education and training, and employment opportunities.


Information Resources on Reintegration

Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program.  ISAF In Focus.


Publications about Reintegration

Publications about Reintegration in Afghanistan.  A collection of publications by various organizations about the reintegration of insurgents and Taliban in Afghanistan and the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP).


News Articles about Reintegration

News on Reintegration in Afghanistan.  A collection of news articles about reintegration and the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP).  See also news about reconciliation with Taliban (peace talks).


History of  Reintegration and
Reconciliation in Afghanistan

The current reintegration program, the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP), is not the only attempt of persuading insurgents to stop fighting and rejoin Afghan society.  There have been other efforts in the past to include the Afghan Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Program (DDR).  Read more about this program on WikipediA.

Reintegration Works Both Ways. The Taliban will recieve defectors from the ANSF and Afghan government with open arms. There are many instances where defections have gone from the GIRoA to the Taliban. 1.


Videos about Reintegration in Afghanistan

Former Taliban Become Deminers.  A video on YouTube depicting former Taliban who have been reintegrated and are now working for HALO Trust in a demining program funded by APRP.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ECsLj4XdBQs

Gen. David Petraeus on Reintegration Strategy in Afghanistan.  A YouTube video of interveiw with Gen. Petraeus.  January 28, 2010.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oMyAoqs4nXQ&feature=fvst

More Videos about Reintegration in Afghanistan.  Located on YouTube

 


Endnotes

1. For more on defections to the Taliban read "Afghan District Governor Defects to Taliban", Radio Free Europe, September 20, 2013. Read story here.

 

 

 

 

 

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