A-29 Super Tocano
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A-29 Super Tocano
The Afghan Air Force (AAF) will soon receive 20
A-29 Super Tocano light air support aircraft. The A-29 provides close
air support, armed escort, aerial reconnaissance, pilot training, and armed overwatch capabilties.
This turboprop aircraft is designed for counterinsurgency operations and
can be equipped with a wide array of bombs and machine guns. It can
carry precision guided munitions to enhance accuracy.
A-29 Super Tucano Flies Over Kabul (Photo:
Sgt Larry Reid USAF)
Fielding of these extremely important aircraft
was continually delayed (costing lives on the battlefield) by
Congressional politicians who wanted to see a different U.S. firm from
the contract award for the Beechcraft AT-6. The A-29 is an ideal COIN
aircraft which is cost effective for the Afghan Air Force.
A-29 Arrives in Kabul in Jan 2016
(photo RS HQs)
The aircraft uses the same engine as the Cessna
208 - another Afghan aircraft - so the maintenance and training issues
should be lessened.
Timeline. The first A-29 Super Tocano was scheduled to come
off the assembly line (Jacksonville, FL) in June 2014; it was delivered
to Moody AFB in September 2014 in preparation for the Afghan pilot and
maintenance training mission. It will take a while for the rest of
the A-29s to be manufactured and delivered to Afghanistan. Add to that
the training time for pilots and maintenance personnel and you have a
critical capability gap for close air support between the departure of
U.S. aircraft (like the
Warthog) and actual employment of the Super Tocano.
Training. The training of Afghan pilots
and maintenance personnel is ongoing (as of 2014-2015) at Moody Air
Force Base in the United States. Eight AAF pilots in training had their
first flight in the A-29 at Moody Air Force Base, Georgia on March 5,
AAF Pilot in Training Flying A-29 at Moody AFB March 2015
posted on RS Website)
Fielding. The first A-29 is scheduled to arrive in
December 2015 followed by more deployed over the next three years.
1. The bulk of the A-29s will arrive in
2017 and 2018 under the current schedule (as of March 2015). Other
sources indicate that four will be delivered at the end of 2015, four in
2016, four in 2017, and eight in 2018. This is a fairly conservative
fielding plan. It took over three years to get the first model built
from the first bids on the contract to when the first A-29 was was
delivered to Moody Air Force Base in the fall of 2015. Pilot training
did not start until 2015. In comparison, in the few short years of World
War II (short when compared to the 13-year plus long war in Afghanistan)
over 15,586 P51 Mustangs were contracted, built, pilots trained, and
fielded in multiple theaters. 4.
UPDATE: Four A-29s arrived at Kabul's international airport on January
15, 2016. (watch
video of arrival).
Fielding Update. Four A-29s were delivered in
January 2016. In late March, 2016 four additional A-29s were delivered.
This brought the total of A-29s in Afghanistan to 8 aircraft.
Armament. The A-29 will be armed with two 500 lb
bombs, twin .50 caliber machine guns, and rockets.
Cost of the AAF A-29 Program. Estimates are that
the U.S. Air Force's program to outfit the Afghan Air Force with twenty
A-29s is about $427 million. That is a little over $20 million for each
A-29. One news report suggests that the cost per hour to fly the A-29 is
only $1,000. That is a huge difference in the cost to fly the
F-35 Lightning II which the U.S. Air Force says will replace the
A-10 Warthog (our current AF CAS platform).
Contested Contract Award. Embraer won the
contract and is partnered with Sierra Nevada Corporation to build the
aircraft in Jacksonville, Florida. The competition for the contract came
from the Hawker Beechcraft's AT-6B Texan aircraft.
The A-29 fleet should be fully operational by
2018. The twenty A-29s will replace the five
Mi-35 Attack Helicopters that will be phased
out in 2016 due to age.
Photo of the rear cockpit of the A-29 Super Tucano
Videos about the A-29 Super Tucano
May 17, 2016. Afghan Air Force A-29s Flying Over Afghanistan,
posted on YouTube by Resolute Support HQs. 1-minute long video.
April 28, 2016. A-29 Super Tucanos Fly Over Kabul, Afghanistan.
DVIDS. A 7-min long video (with cockpit voice - English) of a flight of
A-29s flying over Kabul firing guns and rockets.
January 16, 2016. The Afghan National Airforce gets four new
A29s, posted by Resolute Support Headquarters on YouTube.com on Jan
16, 2016, 1 min long.
January 19, 2012. Air Force Report: A-29 Super Tucano.
Four A-29 Super Tucanos Arrive Kabul in January 2016 (Photo
News Reports about the A-29 Super Tucano for the AAF
March 21, 2017.
"Afghan Air Force expands A-29 fleet strength", RS HQs.
March 20, 2017.
"For Nations Without Big Defense Budgets, Small Tactical Air Forces Are
The Trend", The Aviationist. Tom Demerly writes on
increased popularity of prop-drive COIN airplanes.
February 10, 2017.
"More Afghan Pilots Flying A-29 Super Tucanos", Military.com.
In testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee General
Nicholson (RS Cdr) says that the number of A-29 pilots has increased.
June 4, 2016.
"A-29 Ground Attack Planes Tally More Than 260 Sorties n Afghanistan",
Military.com. Since the arrival of four A-29s in Afghanistan in
January 2016 the A-29 Super Tucano has been flying hundreds of sorties
including close-air support missions. They have reportedly become
operational in April 2016.
May 4, 2016.
"Afghan A-29 COIN fighters begin combat operations", Defence
March 29, 2016.
"Afghan Air Force receives four more A-29 Super Tucano attack aircraft",
Afghanistan Times. As of March 2016 there are now eight A-29s
March 7, 2016.
"Afghan Air Force receives light attack aircraft in Mazar-e-Sharif",
Khaama Press. Two A-29s deployed to Balkh province.
January 19, 2016.
"Afghan Air Force receives first four A-29s", U.S. Air Force
January 14, 2016.
"Afghan Airman Missing in US Located, 1 Still Unaccounted for",
ABC News. Two of 14 maintenance airmen undergoing training at Moody
AFB, Georgia for the A-29 went missing in December one week prior to
their scheduled graduation and return to Afghanistan.
December 28, 2015.
"After Delays, A-29 Attack Aircraft to Arrive in Afghanistan",
December 22, 2015.
"First Afghan A-29 pilots, maintainers finish training", Air
Force Times. Eight pilots and twelve maintainers completed their
training course at Moody Air Force Base in Georgia, U.S. Two pilots (or
maybe maintenance personnel) went
missing prior to graduation.
December 22, 2015.
"Afghan Air Force expecting to receive 4 light attack aircraft in
January". Khaama Press.
April 5, 2015.
"No A-10 Warthog for Afghanistan - - but Here's the Next Best
Thing". By Rich Smith of The Motley Fool. The author says
the A-29 is good for the Afghan Air Force, cites its operational
capabilities, says that the AAF may receive more of the A-29s in the
future, and thinks that Embraer is a good investment.
March 12, 2015.
"When Will the Afghan Air Force be Ready to Fight the Taliban?",
The Diplomat. A news report about the fielding of the A-29 CAS for
March 8, 2015.
"AAF pilots take to the air during U.S.-based training". RS
News. On March 5, 2015 eight AAF pilots took their first flight in
the A-29 at Moody Air Force Base, Georgia during their pilot training.
September 25, 2014.
"First Super Tucano Accepted into U.S. Airforce," Aviation Week.
The aircraft, built by Embraer in Florida, is to be eventually
delivered in late 2015 to Afghanistan.
1. For the A-29 delivery schedule see
"Afghan Military to Receive A-29 Close Air Support Planes in December",
Military.com. Most of the A-29s will arrive in 2017 and 2018.
2. For the date of the first training flights see
posting dated March 8, 2015.
3. Cost of $1,000 per flying hour for the A-29 is
"When Will the Afghan Air Force Be Ready to Fight the Taliban?",
The Diplomat, March 12, 2015.
4. For the 15,586 P-51 Mustangs fielded during
World War II see "North American P-51 Mustang", Wikipedia.
5. For numbers of total A-29s by the end of March
2016 see "Afghan Air Force Ready to Confront Threats", Gandara Blog,
March 29, 2016.