Books on Afghanistan
The Hezb-i-Islami is both a political party and a militant insurgent group in Afghanistan. This Afghan group represents the complexity of the political and military landscape of Afghanistan. The name of the party translates to Islamic Party.
History. The Hezb-i-Islami group was a powerful and extremely effective guerrilla group that fought against the Soviet occupation and later in the Afghan civil war. In both those eras it was a major player; although now as an insurgent force it is not as powerful as the Haqqani Network or the Taliban.
Political Party. The members of the Hezb-i-Islami are influential in Afghan politics; to include President Karzai. Many members of the cabinet, provincial governors, and parliament are members of this group. One political stance of this party is its Islamist foundation and anti-western viewpoints. And a deep desire to see the Americans leave Afghanistan. The Hezb-i-Islami party is considered to be responsible for Karzai telling the Americans to pull U.S. Army Special Forces out of Nerkh district in Wardak province.
Militant Wing. The militant side of the Hezb-i-Islami Gulbuddin or HIG is led from Pakistan by the founder - Gulbuddin Hekmatyer. He was an anti-Soviet guerrilla fighter. He later held the office of Prime Minister for a short time just after the Soviet-backed Afghan government fell and the country fell into a civil war.
Peace Deal with Insurgent Group. Hezb-i-Islami and the Government of Afghanistan will signed a peace deal in mid-2016. The leader of this resistance group and his cronies were be offered a lucrative package to return to Afghanistan. Up to 20,000 of the group may come out of hiding, cease operations, and be integrated back into the Afghan society. Many members of the insurgent group will be offered immunity from justice, protection from the NDS and ANDSF, and provided with income. Many insurgents belonging to the group will be released from prison.
Sebastian Trives, "Roots of the Insurgency in the Southeast," in Decoding the New Taliban: Insights from the Afghan Field, ed. Antonio Giustozzi (New York: Columbia University Press, 2009). Book is available on Amazon.com at this link Decoding the New Taliban: Insights from the Afghan Field.
Hezbi Islami Gulbuddin. WikipediA.
Hizb-i-Islami Gulbuddin (HIG). Institute for the
Study of War.
May 3, 2017. Charismatic, Absolutist, Divisive: Hekmatyar and the impact of his return, by Borhan Osman, Afghanistan Analysts Network.
June 13, 2016. "How Will Kabul Welcome Gulbuddin Hekmatyar?", by Ali Reza Sarwar, The Diplomat. After a peace deal, can Afghanistan's capital truly accept the brutal leader of Hezb-e-Islami?
May 19, 2016. "The Return of a Peacemaker . . . or a Trojan Horse", by Wahab Raofi, The Huffington Post. Gulbuddin Hekmatyar is open to peace talks with the Afghan government. This article explains why the Afghan government should think twice including Hekmatyar in the peace process.
November 27, 2015. "Feared Afghan warlord known for anti-U.S. stance, seeks comback", U.S. News & World Report.
May 31, 2013. "A party with many faces". The AFPAK Channel - Foreign Policy.
May 21, 2013. "A Group Taking Politics and Military Strategy to the Same Extremes". The New York Times.
May 16, 2013. "Hizb-I-Islami Gulbuddin suicide bomber in Kabul kills 6 Americans, 9 Afghans". The Long War Journal.
March 29, 2012. "Second Afghan Insurgent Group Suspends Peace Talks". The New York Times. The Islamic Party or Hezb-i-Islami has halted peace talks.
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