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Afghan War News > Intelligence > AABIS

Afghan Automated Biometrics
Information System (AABIS)

The AABIS is used to record fingerprints, iris scans and other biometric information of individuals. The database is maintained at the Ministry of Interior (MoI). The AABIS was established in November 2009 and formally introduced in January 2010. The AABIS " . . . is designed to be compatible with the U.S. DoD ABIS and the FBI Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS). The system has the ability to match multiple biometric modalities (fingerprint, iris, face) and ingest both electronic and legacy ten print (paper) cards." 1.

Afghan Automated Biometrics System (AABIS)
AABIS - Photo FBI April 2011

The system is designed using the Dari language; which is the most common language spoken at the security ministries and within the Afghan National Army (ANA).

Publications, Reports & News Articles about Afghan Biometrics

December 27, 2022, "For Sale on eBay: A Military Database of Fingerprints and Iris Scans", The New York Times. German security researchers studying biometric capture devices popular with the U.S. military got more than they expected for $68 on eBay.

April 21, 2014. Identity Dominance: The U.S. Military's Biometric War in Afghanistan, Publice Intelligence. This revealing article provides information about the biometrics effort in Afghanistan.

January 1, 2014. "Biometric-Enabled Intelligence in Regional Command - East", Joint Forces Quarterly 72, National Defense University Press, January 1, 2014.

December 2012. "Afghanistan Automated Biometrics Identification System IPT First to Earn CMMI-SVC Gold". CHIPS. The Navy's information technology magazine provides info on achievements of team implementing CMMI for services.

April 29, 2011. "Mission Afghanistan: Biometrics". Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). This article by the FBI discusses the Afghan biometrics program established in late 2009 and how the FBI is assisting in the effort.

April 2011. U.S. Army Commander's Guide to Biometrics in Afghanistan, Center for Army Lessons Learned Handbook (CALL), No. 11-25, (U/FOUO).

October 15, 2010. "Conference maps the way ahead for biometrics in Afghanistan". CENTCOM. The implementation of biometrics into Afghan society will help the Afghan government know who its citizens are, assist in the control of Afghan borders, and allow GIRoA to have 'identity dominance". Biometrics will allow Afghan forces to precisely target criminals, terrorists, and insurgents who operate in Afghanistan.

October 8, 2010. "Afghans improve biometrics capability, take step forward". CENTCOM. CSTC-A is assisting the Afghans to build their biometrics capability by enrolling recruits at the ANA Recruiting Center at the Kabul Military Training Center (KMTC). The ANA biometric enrollers take ten fingerprints, two iris scans, and two facial pictures (front and side). The biometrics data is then takend to the MoI Criminal Investigation Divisions's Biometrics Department which loads the data into the Afghan Automated Biometrics Indentification System (AABIS).

September 24, 2010. "Army Reveals Afghan Biometric ID Plan; Millions Scanned, Carded by May". Danger Room Wired.com. The plan to enroll millions of Afghans may help in the establishment of a national electronic identification card for Afghan citizens; in addition to identifying criminals, terrorists, and insurgents.

January 16, 2010. "Ministry of Interior opens new biometrics center". NATO Facebook.  The formal grand opening of the new biometrics center at the Afghan MoI took place on January 16, 2010. The move kicks off a program to register all MoI and Afghan National Police in the system. The AABIS went operational in November of 2009. The biometrics program works by collecting data, including fingerprints, palm scans, iris scans and facial imagery recognition.



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1. For more on the technical aspects of the AABIS see a webpage by Ideal Innovations Incorporated (I3).


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