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Afghan War News > SFA > SFA Publications and References

SFA Bibliography

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Bibliography for Resolute Support

 Afghan War News has compiled a "Resolute Support Annotated Bibliography" for the use of ISAF staff and SFA advisors participating in the NATO mission in Afghanistan. It is an Adobe Acrobat PDF, almost 200 pages long, and less than 3 MBs big. Easy to read online or download and it is available at the link below:


Topics on This Page

The topic links in blue below will bring you to that section of this page.

           Mission Essential Tasks for SFA Advisor Teams
          Letters, Directives, FRAGOs, and Memos from NATO, ISAF, IJC, etc.
          Advisor Guides, Manuals, Newsletters, and Handbooks
          DoD Directives
          DoD Instructions
          Army Regulations (ARs)
          Field Manuals (FMs)
          Training Circulars (TCs)
          Joint Publications (JPs)
          JCISFA Handbooks, Guides and Publications
          Websites for SFA
          Language - Training Resources
          Culture - Resources, Websites, Documents, and Publications
          Medical Training
          SERE - Survival Evasion Resistance Escape
          Personnel Recovery (PR)

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Mission Essential Tasks for SFA Advisor Teams

Department of Defense. Guidance on Common Training Standards for Security Force Assistance (SFA). Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, January 2014.
Guidance on Common Training Standards for Security Force Assistance.

Five Mission Essential Tasks are specified as the brigade SFA tasks of Organize, Train, Equip, Rebuild and Build, and Advise and assist (see para 4-72, section VI – Security Force Assistance, Chapter 4 Stability Operations to FM 3-90.6, Brigade Combat Team, September 14, 2010 accessed at the link below:


Mission Essential Task Lists and Training Requirements for SFA

Author Unknown. Advisor Core Universal METL. Author unknown.  Access here.

Department of the Army, FM 7-15, The Army Universal Task List, February 27, 2009. Accessed here on armypubs.army.mil. The AUTL can help commanders develop a mission-essential task list (METL). It (the AUTL) provides tasks, missions and operations or capabilities for a unit, company-sized and above, and staffs. Commanders should use the AUTL as a cross-reference for tasks. Commanders may use the AUTL to supplement their core training focused METL or the directed training focused METL as required. FM 7-0 and FM 7-1 discuss in detail METL development and requirements. The Army has identified 9 critical tasks for the Security Force Assistance Brigades or SFABs now deploying to Afghanistan. These tasks (called Articles) are listed in FM 7-15, Change 9, Army Universal Task List). Read more about SFABs and the SFAB critical tasks here - SFAB.

DoD, Universal Joint Task List

FORSCOM, US Forces Command (FORSCOM) PreDeployment Training Guidance in Support of Combatant Commands, 121909ZAPR12.

Joint Security Force Assistance Proponent Office, Guidance on Joint Standards for Security Force Assistance (SFA) Training, Version 8.2 (Draft), July 18, 2012. JSFAPO is a subordinate element of the U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM).

RC (SW) - C10, Advisor Guidance, 10 Dec 2011 (FOUO). Accessed on USMC ATG website here (CAC required).

USCENTCOM. Fragmentary Order (FRAGO) 09-1700 (USCENTCOM Theater Training Requirements).

USCENTCOM. Fragmentary Order (FRAGO) 11-026 (Delineates RSOI Training Requirements and Directs JRSOI Hubs to Facilitate Training Requirements).

USFOR-A (ISAF). FRAGO 11-371 (Implements Language Training for USFOR-A and DoD Personnel).

USFOR-A (ISAF). Minimum Training Requirements for Deploying Security Force Assistance Teams, CDR USFOR-A (ISAF), February 14, 2012. This memo has three Enclosures. Enclosure 1 (Minimum Essential Training Requirements) was developed with the assistance of the U.S. Joint Center for International Security Force Assistance (JCISFA) and U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM).

 USMC. Advisor Team METL.  NAVMC 3500.59, Chapter 3.  Access here.



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Directives, Memos, FRAGOs, etc. from NATO, ISAF, and IJC

COMISAF, COIN Qualification Standards, 23 October 2011.

COMISAF.  COMISAF Tactical Directives.

ISAF memo to Joint Forces Command - Brunsumm detailing Minimum Training Requirements for Deploying SFAATs, February 14, 2012.

ISAF Joint Command (IJC), Operations Plan 1391, Annex F - Security Force Assistance, 10 April 2012. Four appendices of this annex provide info on the mission and structure of SFAATs, US and coalition deployment and RSOI, and the assignment of Embedded Police Mentors (EPMs).

Congressional Research Service, "Leahy Law" Human Rights Provisions and Security Assistance: Issue Overview", January 29, 2014. Access the PDF here.



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Advisor Guides and Handbooks

DA, Security Force Assistance Deployment Handbook, TC 3-05.3, May 22, 2015. Requires CAC login.

DA, Advising Multi-Service Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Advising Foreign Security Forces, ATP 3-07.10, November 2014.

Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL), Combat Advisors Handbook, Fort Leavenworth, KS, Department of the Army, 2008.

Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) Publications

ISAF Security Force Assistance Guide 2.0, January 2014.

International Security Force Assistance Force (ISAF), ISAF SFA Guide, May 2013.
https://ronna-afghan.harmonieweb.org/CAAT/. . . . ISAF_SFA_Guide.pdf

Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) Advisor Guide, Joint Center for International Security Assistance, May 2014

CALL, Security Force Assistance: Shaping and Mentoring Afghan Police, Center for Army Lessons Learned Newsletter No. 11-18, March 2011, (FOUO). Observations, Insights and Lessons.

C (SW) – C10, Advisor Guidance, 10 Dec 2011 (FOUO). On USMC ATG website (CAC required).

US Air Force Warfare Center.  Air Advisor Handbook. Coalition and Irregular Warfare Center of Excellence, April 27, 2009. Handbook available on NATO HQs site.  www.nshq.nato.int/NSHQ/GetFile/?File_ID=31.

USAIS, The Modular Brigade Augmented for Security Forces Assistance Handbook, US Army Infantry School, Fort Benning, GA, 1 June 2009, (FOUO).

US Army, Military Assistance Training Advisor (MATA) Handbook, Fort Bragg, NC: United States Army Special Warfare School, 1964.

U.S. Army Special Forces Command, Special Forces Advisor's Reference Book, October 2001.

USAJFKSWCS. Special Forces Advisor Techniques, TC 31-71, July 2008.

USAJFKSWCS. Special Forces Advisor Guide, TC 31-73, July 2, 2008.

USMC Advisor Training Group (ATG). ATG Advisor SOP. (CAC required).

USMC, Tentative Manual for Partnering Operations, (FOUO), April 12, 2010.

USSOCOM, Security Force Assistance Introductory Guide, 28 July 2011.



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DoD Directives

DoDD 1322.18, Military Training, January 13, 2009. This document directs USSOCOM to establish training standards for general purpose forces to train to the security force assistance mission. See page 10, para 12.

DoDD 3000.05, Military Support for Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR) Operations, November 28, 2005.  Accessed here on army.mil.

DoDD 3000.07, Irregular Warfare, December 1, 2008.

DoDD 5132.03, DoD Policy and Responsibilities Relating to Security Cooperation. 24 October 2008.

DoDD 5205.82, Defense Institution Building (DIB), Department of Defense Directive, January 27, 2016. Establishes policy, assigns responsibilities, and provides direction regarding the planning, managment, and conduct of DIB by DoD; and establishes the DIB Coordination Board.

DTM 11-002, Counterinsurgency (COIN) Training and Reporting Guidance for Preparing U.S. Forces to Succeed in Afghanistan and Pakistan, Under Secretary of Defense, December 9, 2010 (with Change 1, May 18, 2011). This DTM directs USSOCOM to assist USCENTCOM in the development of SFA and COIN training and education programs. See Para 13(a).


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DoD Instructions

A listing of DoD Instructions (DoDI) about Security Force Assistance can be found here.




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Army Regulations (ARs)

AR 12-15, Joint Security Cooperation Education and Training, January 3, 2011.



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Army Techniques Publication (ATP)

Department of Army, Foreign Internal Defense, August 19, 2015.



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US Army, Advise Foreign Forces, ARTEP 31-807-33, Mission Training Plan, Washington, DC: Department of the army, 1984.


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Field Manuals

FM 3-05.2, Foreign Internal Defense, September 1, 2011. Accessed here on armypubs.army.mil.

FM 3-05.137, Army Special Operations Forces Foreign Internal Defense Operations, (June 2008).

FM 3-05.202, Special Forces Foreign Internal Defense Operations. February 2007.

FM 3-05.230, Special Forces Tactical Facilities, February 2009.

FM 3-05.401, Civil Affairs Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures. July 2007.

FM 3-07, Stability Operations, May 1, 2009. Accessed here on armypubs.army.mil.

FM 3-07.1, Security Force Assistance.  Washington, DC: US Army, May 2009. Accessed here on armypubs.army.mil. Also accessed here on University of Michigan Press.

FM 3-07.10, Multi-Service Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Advising Foreign Forces, September 10, 2009.  Accessed here on armypubs.army.mil. Also entitled MCRP 3-33.8A by the USMC.

FM 3-18, Special Forces Operations (ID), December 2009.

FM 3-22, Army Support to Security Cooperation, January 2013. Accessed here on armypubs.army.mil.

FM 3-24, Counterinsurgency, December 15, 2006.  Accessed here on armypubs.army.mil.

FM 3-24.2, Tactics in Counterinsurgency, April 21, 2009.  Accessed here on armypubs.army.mil.

FM 31-20-3, Foreign Internal Defense: Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Special Forces, September 1994.

FM 3-50.1, Army Personnel Recovery, November 21, 2011. Accessed here on armypubs.army.mil.

FM 3-57, Civil Affairs Operations, October 31, 2011. See Chapter 4, page 4-3 for an pre-deployment Area Assessment format.

FM 31-73, Advisors Handbook for Stability Operations, Washington, DC: Department of the Army, 1967.

FMFRP 12-15, Small Wars Journal. April 1987.

NAVMC 3500.59, Advise, Train, and Assist Partner Nation Forces Training and Readiness Manual. January 2009.

AFDD 2-3.1, Foreign Internal Defense. September 2007.



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Training Circulars about SFA and Advising

TC 7-100.3, Irregular Opposing Forces, January 2014.

TC 18-01, Unconventional Warfare, January 28, 2011.

TC 31-73, Special Forces Advisor Guide, Washington, DC: Department of the Army, July 2, 2008.


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U.S. Army Infantry School, The Modular Brigade Augmented for Security Force Assistance Handbook (June 2009). Handbook.



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Joint Publications

Joint Doctrine Note 1-13, Security Force Assistance, April 29, 2013.

JP 3-05, Special Operations (April 19, 2011).

JP 3-07.1, Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Foreign Internal Defense (FID). 30 April 2004.

JP 3-22, Foreign Internal Defense (July 12 2010).

JP 3-24, Counterinsurgency Operations (October 5, 2009).

JP 3-36, Counterterrorism (November 13, 2009).



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JCISFA Handbooks, Guides, and References

The Joint Center for International Security Force Assistance has an abundance of documents relating to SFA on its website. A registration account is required to download documents (getting the account is problematic due to website errors but if you are successful it is worth it). Many of these references for Security Force Assistance (SFA) can be accessed here. Some of these pubs are listed below.

JCISFA, Afghan National Army (ANA) Mentor Guide, Joint Center International Security Force Assistance, March 2011, (FOUO).

JCISFA, Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) Advisor Guide.  Accessed here.

JCISFA, Commander's Handbook for Security Force Assistance.  Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 14 July 2008. Provides doctrinal view, best practices, and lessons learned on Security Force Assistance (SFA) operations at Brigade level. Accessed here.

JCISFA, Ministerial-Level Advisor Training Effectiveness Study: Phase I Initial Impressions, Joint Center for International Security Assistance, October 2010, (FOUO).

JCISFA, Roles and Functions of Senior Advisors: Perspectives on Institutional Level Advising, February 2012.  Accessed here.

JCISFA, SFA Assessment Handbook, July 1, 2015, Joint Center for International Security Force Assistance. This handbook describes the fundatmental theoretical and practical conceptes to tmeet the complex challenges of assessing SFA operations at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels. https://jcisfa.jcs.mil

JCISFA, Security Force Assistance Handbook.  Accessed here.

JCISFA, Security Force Assistance Planners Guide, (Fort Leavenworth, KS: Combined Arms Center, 15 January 2016).

JCISFA, Security Force Assistance Planners Guide, (Fort Leavenworth, KS: Combined Arms Center, 14 February 2008). Accessed here.

JCISFA, SFA Facilities and Infrastructure Guide.  Accessed here.

JCISFA, Security Force Assistance Planners Guide, 01 January 2016.

JCISFA, SFA Planner's Guide: FSF Force Development (December 2009).  Accessed here.



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Miscellaneous Military Documents and Memorandums on SFA

ALSA, Military Advisors: Working with Foreign Forces, Air Land Sea Bulletin, Issue No. 2008-2, Air Land Sea Application (ALSA) Center, May 2008.

CJCSI 3210.06, Irregular Warfare, June 10, 2010.

COMISAF, 15 Principles of SFA. In early 2012 General John Allen, COMISAF, released a memorandum listing SFA principles that provide sound advice on the SFA advisor mindset. See Principles of SFA.

CAC, Eyewitness to War: Volume III - US Army Advisors in Afghanistan, Michael G. Brooks - General Editor, Combat Studies Institute Press, US Army Combined Arms Center, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. A 440-page document consisting of 12 interviews of people who served in an advisory capacity in Afghanistan, 2007.

Department of Defense, Security Force Assistance Lexicon Framework, November 11, 2011.

Deputy Secretary of Defense Memorandum, Security Force Assistance, September 9, 2008.

Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) Memorandum 050-11, Security Force Assistance DOTMLPF Change Recommendation, April 19, 2011.

Joint Security Force Assistance Proponent Office, Guidance on Joint Standards for Security Force Assistance (SFA) Training, , Version 8.2 (Draft), June 13, 2012.

Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel & Readiness - Training Readiness and Strategy, Ministry of Defense Advisors Training Program (MoDA) (Fiscal Year 2012).

U.S. Army Special Forces Command, Special Forces Advisor's Reference Book, (October 2001).

USSOCOM Manual 350-35, Special Operations Forces Baseline Interoperable Security Force Assistance Training Standards, (May 31, 2012).

USSOCOM Publication 3-3, Special Operations Forces Security Force Assistance (Draft).

USSOCOM, Security Force Assistance "Introductory Guide", (July 28, 2011).



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SFA Newsletters and Magazines

Security & Stability - ANSF Development, Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2011, TF Arctic Wolves.  Accessed here on DVIDS.

Security & Stability - ANSF Development, Volume 1, Issue 1, November 2011, TF Arctic Wolves, SFAT 1,3,5,6, and 7.  Accessed here on DVIDS.



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Military Websites with SFA and SFAAT Information

Joint Readiness Training Center (JRTC).  Best practices for SFAATs. A wealth of documents of value to SFAATs while conducting pre-deployment and while deployed to Afghanistan. The JRTC SFAAT Best Practices website can be accessed here.

USMC Advisor Training Group.  MAGTFTC and MCAGCC at Twentynine Palms, California.

Peace Support Training Centre. The Canadian Forces Centre of Excellence for Peace Support Operations Training.

Additional military publications are available at:

Official Department of the Army Publications and Forms

Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC)

Small Wars Center for Irregular Warfare

Army Knowledge Online (AKO)

Army Training (and Education) Network ATN

Federation of American Scientists (FAS) – Intelligence Resource Program
(not a military site but has many military documents – some outdated)

U.S. Department of Defense

Military Intelligence Publications, Manuals, Training Circulars, and Handbooks

Other SFA and COIN Training Websites

U.S. Army Security Force Assistance Proponency Office. U.S. Army Combined Arms Center. www.usacac.army.mil/cac2/sfa/

Counterinsurgency Pre-Certification Training. Access the  J30 P-US624 COIN online course here.



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References, Documents, and Reports on Language Training

Department of the Army, AR 11-6 Army Foreign Language Program, 31 Aug 2009, Washington, D.C.

DoDI 5160.71, DoD Language Testing Program, January 26, 2009.

FM 3-07.1, Security Force Assistance, 1 May 2009.  See Chapter 8 “Culture and Communication”, section 8-9 “Language”, page 8-2; section 10-44 “Language”, page 10-8;

HQs Department of the Army, Army Culture and Foreign Language Strategy, Washington, D.C., December 1, 2009.

Websites on Language Training

Defense Language Institute (DLI).  A website providing documents and training aids for learning a foreign language.  Accessed here at http://www.dliflc.edu/index.html.

ILR Website. Interagency Language Roundtable. www.govtilr.org

Papers, Publications, Blog Posts, and Other Info on Language Training

Bond, Levon “Speaking the Language: Cultural and Linguistic Fluency in COIN,” Canadian Army Journal, Volume 12 Number 3, Winter 2010, pp. 69-84.

Outzen, Richard. “Language, Culture, and Army Culture: Failing Transformation”, Small Wars Journal, March 20, 2012.

Smiley, Morgan. “Overcoming Our Dearth of Language Skills”, Small Wars Journal, August 23, 2011.


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Medical Training Websites

Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC / T3C).


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Survival Evasion Resistance Evasion (SERE)

Joint Personnel Recovery Agency (JPRA)

Special Forces SERE Training

DoD Directive 1300.7, Training and Education Measures Necessary to Support the Code of Conduct (CoC), December 8, 2000.

Survival Evasion Resistance Escape (SERE) Level A Training in support of the Code of Conduct (CoC). SERE 100.1 computer-based training satisfies the level A requirement. Training can be found on Joint Knowledge Online (JKO) page http://jko.jfcom.mil, course number “J3T A-US022” or on AKO at www.us.army.mil/suite/page/650428.



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Personnel Recovery Publications & Online Training Resources

Personnel Recovery Proponent Office (PRPO) website (CAC Accessible only).

Army Learning Management System (ALMS).

Defense Imagery CD/DVD Courses.

Joint Personnel Recovery Agency (JPRA)

DoD Directive 2310.2, Personnel Recovery, December 22, 2000.

DoD Instruction 3002.04, DoD Personnel Recovery - Non-conventional Assisted Recovery (NAR), November 17, 2014. DoD PKI certificate required to access.

JP 3-50, Personnel Recovery, January 5, 2007.

AR 525-28, Personnel Recovery, March 6, 2010.

HQs Department of the Army, Army Personnel Recovery, FM 3-50.1, November 21, 2011.

HQDA, ALARACT 098/2010, Updated Guidance for Personnel Recovery Mission Software (PRMS) and Pre-CONUS Travel File (PROFILE)

Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL), Army Personnel Recovery Handbook, No. 09-25, April 2009.


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