National Solidarity
Programme (NSP)



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Afghan War News > General Info > Development > National Solidarity Programme (NSP)

National Solidarity Programme (NSP)

The National Solidarity Program or NSP was created by the Afghan Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development or MRRD in 2003. The purpose of NSP is to develop the ability of Afghan communities to identify, plan, manage and monitor development projects in their own communities. Communities elect their representatives and leaders to form Community Development Councils or CDCs to implement the development projects.

Funding for NSP. Funding for NSP comes from (of course) the international community. Various international organizations (the World Bank) and countries provide funds to include most western nations. A list of donors can be found on the NSP website at the link below.

Facilitating Partners. There are a large number of Facilitating Partners (FPs) - otherwise known as Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) involved in the NSP. A few of the many FPs include the Afghan Khan Development Network (AKDN), International Rescue Committee (IRC), Oxford Committee for Famine Relief (OXFAM), and United Nations Human Settlement Programme (UN-Habitat).  A list of FPs can be found on the NSP website at the link below.

Websites about the Afghan National Solidarity Programme (NSP)

National Solidarity Programme (NSP).

Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation & Development (MRRD).


Publications, Briefings, and Reports about NSP
(listed in chronogical order)

Katz, David J., Community-Based Development in Rural Afghanistan, United States Institute for Peace (USIP), April 24, 2017.

Rahimi, Farid Ahmad Farzam. Role of Community Activities on Rural Development in Afghanistan. April 2013. . . Farzam.pdf

Beath, Andrew, Fotini Christia, and Ruben Enikolopov. Randomized Impact Evaluation of Afghanistan's National Solidarity Programme - Final Report. MIT, Harvard, New Economic School, February 14, 2012.

Nagl, Dr. John A., Dr. Andrew M. Exum, and Ahmed A. Humayun. A Pathway to Success in Afghanistan: The National Solidarity Program. Center for a New American Century, March 16, 2009. This paper advances the argument that a counterinsurgency is not won by guns alone; that essential services and strengthening governance is as vital. It states that programs like the National Solidarity Program deserve funding and support.

Nixon, Hamish. The Changing Face of Local Government? Community Development Councils in Afghanistan. Afghan Research Evaluation Unit (AREU). 2007.

The Univerisity of York. Mid-term Evaluation Report of the National Solidarity Programme (NSP), Afghanistan. May 2006.

Kakar, Palwasha. FINE-TUNING THE NSP: Discussions of Problems and Solutions with Facilitating Partners. Afghan Research Evaluation Unit (AREU), November 2005. . . .Fine-Tuning . . . pdf

Boesen, Inger W. FROM SUBJECTS TO CITIZENS: Local Participation in the National Solidarity Programme. Afghan Research Evaluation Unit (AREU), August 2004.

News Reports about Afghan NSP

February 10, 2014. "Irrigation Canal Unites Two Communities". World Bank. Story depicts how two communities worked within their Community Development Councils to implement a canal project funded by the NSP.

August 1, 2013. "Empowering women in Afghanistan". MIT News. News story provides info on village and community level programs such as the National Solidarity Programme (NSP) that provides economic and social advancement opportunities for Afghan women.





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