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Afghan Evacuees and Brazil

Kabul NEO > Countries > Brazil

Some Afghans at-risk seek to leave Afghanistan for neighoring countries. Although not neighboring, Brazil has been a destination for some refugees. Many of the Afghans that enter Brazil attempt to reach the U.S. southern border - along a dangerous route that brings them into contact with human traffickers, corrupt officials and police, crime gangs, and drug cartels.

Map of Brazil - CIA

Humanitarian Visas for Afghan Citizens

On September 3, 2021, Brazil established the granting of a temporary visa and residence permit for the purpose of humanitarian reception for Afghan nationals, stateless persons, and people affected by the instabilty in Afghanistan. The visa is aimed at those who are under real threat by the situation in Afghanistan. At the time of the announcement the temporary visa could be issued by the Brazilian Embassies in Tehran, Abu Dhabi, Ankara, Doha, Islamabad, and Moscow. Since then, the Tehran Embassy is limiting interviews as they were overwhelmed with requests for visas.

Brazil has also taken steps (as of Sep 2023) to limit the exodus of Afghans to Brazil, as many are using the country as a way station for the dangerous route to the U.S. southern border.

September 6, 2021, "Brazil to Grant Humanitarian Visa to Afghans", Agencia Brasil

"Brazil will grant humanitarian visas to Afghans, stateless people, and those affected by the severe situation or imminent institutional instability or severe violation of human rights or of the International Humanitarian Law in Afghanistan.

Brazilís Minister of Foreign Relations Carlos FranÁa and Minister of Justice and Public Security Anderson Torres on Friday (Sep. 3) signed an inter-ministerial regulation on the concession of temporary visas and residence permits for humanitarian shelter.

According to the joint note issued by the ministries, the move is based on the humanitarian principles of Brazilís migratory policy, as mandated by a 2017 law, which offers ďa protection tool, reaffirming Brazilís commitment to human rights and international solidarity.Ē

The visa, the note reads, represents an expected entry into the country and does not imply that the government should afford travel costs for immigrants coming to Brazil.

The embassies in Islamabad, Tehran, Moscow, Ankara, Doha, and Abu Dhabi will be licensed to process visa requests for humanitarian shelter. Brazil does not have an embassy or a consulate in Afghanistan."


Brazil - Information for the Afghan Population
UNHCR Help Brazil

Brazil - CIA World Fact Book

February 1, 2023, "Nobody Wants to Come this Way", Reuters. Some Afghans risk 11-country trek to seek haven in United States.

"Like An Obstacle Course", Amnesty International, October 2021. There are few routes to safety for Afghans trying to flee their country. A detailed look at the various countries where Afghans are seeking refuge.

News Articles

September 27, 2023, "Brazil Alters Reception Policy for Afghans and Wants to Stop Being a Route to the USA", Folha de S. Paulo. The Brazilian government has announced a change in the humanitarian reception policy for Afghans on the grounds that Brazil has established itself as a gateway for immigrants who, fleeing the Taliban, seek to emigrate to the United States along dangerous routes.

November 30, 2022, Afghan soldier fleeing the Taliban, travels through Brazil, to Reach the U.S., Texas Tribune. An Afghan special operations forces soldier took the perilous journey from Brazil to the U.S. southern border.

October 17, 2022, "New Arrivals: Afghan Refugees Camped in Brazilian Airport", Voice of America.

October 14, 2022, "Afghan refugees camp out in Brazilian airport in search of new life", by Fernando Cardoso, Reuters. Brazil has approved about 6,000 humanitarian visas for Afghan refugees since late 2021. The Afghans are arriving so fast on a daily basis that the refugee agency can't find enough lodging.

September 2, 2022, "As Biden administration fails Afghan allies, more make perilous trip to US southern border", by Beth Bailey, Washington Examiner. Afghans are now obtaining Brazilian humanitarian visas and pursuing dangerous and expensive travel to the Mexican border to request asylum in the U.S.

December 4, 2021. "Afghan judges in Brazil still fear the Taliban", AP News. Afghan female judges and their families were transported to Mazar-i-Sharif where they boarded a plane that took them to Greece. Some of them traveled onward to Brazil.

September 5, 2021, "What Brazil Can Do to Help Afghans at Risk", by Mari Laura Canineu, Human Rights Watch.

August 30, 2021, "Evacuation of Brazilian Citizens from Afghanistan",



Books about the Kabul non-combatant evacuation operation (NEO) of August 2021,
evacuation of AMCITs, LPRs, SIVs, and others, and the Afghan Evac community and effort.

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