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Humanitarian Parole

 

Humanitarian parole is used to bring someone who is otherwise inadmissible into the United States for a temporary period of time due to an emergency. HP is a legal immigration status. Find out more at this link on the website of the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

https://www.uscis.gov/forms/explore-my-options/humanitarian-parole

Afghanistan is in the midst of a refugee crisis. More than 550,000 Afghans have been displaced since January 2021. Some are especially at-risk - including women's rights activist, human rights workers, journalists, and tens of thousands of individuals who assisted U.S. efforts over the past 20 years. When the crisis of August culminated it was thought that at-risk Afghans could come to the U.S. under either the Special Immigrant Visa program or a broader Priority 2 (P2) refugee status. However, both processes takes years to complete. On August 23rd the adminstration announced it would be using its humanitarian parole authority to process in evacuated Afghans who do not already have visas.

Tracking Immigration Case Status Online. Use this tool to track the status of an immigration application, petition, or request with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
https://egov.uscis.gov/casestatus/landing.do


Information about Humanitarian Parole

Prerequisites? A passport for humanitarian parole is helpful, but not needed. There needs to be an urgent reason that a person cannot stay in Afghanstan - country conditions and specific cirumstances to the individual. A person can apply from anywhere except Afghanistan and a few countries where the United States does not conduct consular business. Biometric screening may be a requirement and physical posession of humanitarian parole documents prior to entry to the United States. Each family member requires their own HP application to include children. Humanitarian parole is temporary, up to two years for some Afghans. USCIS approves HP status and then the Department of State is informed.

HP Application Fee. Currently the humanitarian parole fee is $575 per person. That can get expensive for a large family. There is a DoS form to request a fee waiver - i-912. However, it has been reported that this slows down the application process.

Sponsor. A person or organization in the United States must agree to financially represent the family for up to one year while they resettle. The sponsor needs to prove they have excess income at the poverty line for the size family that is being sponsored.

HP Benefits. The FY 2022 Continuing Resolution passed by Congress provides benefits for Afghan who are provided Humanitarian Parole status. Afghans who entered the U.S. with humanitarian parole are authorized to receive refugee resettlement benefits. The legislation authorizes Afghans arriving with humanitarian parole to receive the same services as refugees (admitted under Section 207 of the INA), including ORR assistance, reception and placement, and other entitlement programs like food assistance. This includes Afghan parolees deemed to be unaccompanied children eligible for Unaccompanied Refugee Minor (URM) services.

Federal Benefits and Services. Switchboard.org has published an article entitled "What Federal Benefits and Service are Available to Afghan Parolees?", September 20, 2021.
https://switchboardta.org/blog/what-federal-benefits-and-services-are-available-to-afghan-parolees/

Funding for HPs. Eligible Afghans are those paroled into the United States between July 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022; or those paroled into the United States after September 30, 2022, and, either the spouse or child of such a parolee or the parent or legal guardian of an unaccompanied child paroled during that period. The federal government receives supplemental funding for this purpose, including an additional $1.68 billion for Afghans arriving with humanitarian parole, as well as an additional $2.5 billion for unaccompanied children and an authorization for an apportioned rate of spend for all other ORR populations. The State Departmentís humanitarian assistance accounts receive an additional $2.2 billion, and USCIS receives an additional $193 million related to Operation Allies Welcome and is permitted to spend at a rate for operations of $250 million toward the reduction of the asylum and refugee backlogs.

The legislation deems Afghan parolees eligible for a driverís license or identification card under Section 202 of the REAL ID Act of 2005. The bill also includes language about expediting Afghan paroleesí asylum applications; however, similar expedition mandates in previous immigration legislation have not materialized into expedited adjudication processes for asylum seekers.


Resources about Humanitarian Parole

Afghanistan - Humanitarian Parole. Afghan Diaspora for Equality & Progress (ADEP)
https://adeprogress.org/resources/afghanistan-humanitarian-parole/
A YouTube training video on humanitarian parole, an Afghan Humanitarian Parole Checklist, and various forms for humanitarian parole are available at the ADEP website. This webpage has a detailed step by step instruction on applying for humanitarian parole.

USCIS and Humanitarian Parole - Vaccinology.org
In this site are some of the forms relevant to evacuation of Afghan refuges and a detailed description of an approach to assembling a HP package.
https://vaccinology.org/uscis/

Webinar on Humanitarian Parole & Financial Sponsorship for Afghan Evacuees
Task Force Melmastya, September 23, 2021, 90 minutes, YouTube
https://youtu.be/MqimZciJ_rE?t=146


News Reports about Humantarian Parole

Read more in "Explainer: Humanitarian Parole and the Afghan Evacuation", National Immigration Forum, August 30, 2021.

 

 


 


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